Gold Open Access

Students' perception on the use of poetry for teaching speaking

Ni Komang Arie Suwastini(1Mail), Gusti Putu Rustika Dewi(2),
(1) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Indonesia
(2) Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author


Poetry is rich in terms of its selectively chosen dictions that have to be read aloud to be enjoyed. This descriptive qualitative study investigated fourth-semester students' perception on the use of poetry to teach speaking. Students' perceptions were collected through an archives study comprising 75 students' essay projects about using poetry to teach speaking. The result indicated that 75 students perceived poetry is effective in developing six aspects of students' speaking skills, namely vocabulary, pronunciation, grammar, comprehension, confidence, and fluency. 41 (54.66%) students perceived that teaching speaking through poetry enriches students' vocabulary by representing unique words. 16 (21.33%) students perceived that using poetry to teach speaking practices students' pronunciation through poetry reading strategy. In terms of grammar mastery, 8 (10.66%) students believed that poetry was able to familiarize students with sentence structure. Four (5.33%) students perceived that through poetry analysis, students must comprehend and share their interpretation of the content and context used in the poems. There were 4 (5.33%) students perceived that poetry helps students be more confident in communication. Two (2.66%) students perceived that fluency in speaking could be trained using poetry by exposing students to the rhythm, making their intonation improved.


Speaking; Poetry; EFL;


Article DOI


Article Metrics

 Abstract views : 560 
 PDF views : 519 


Article Pages

Pages: 8-15


Full Text:



Abida, F., & Kuswardani, R. (2018). Developing Intercultural Awareness through Poems in EFL Classrooms. 108(SoSHEC 2017), 235–239.

Alqahtani, S. S. (2020). Technology-based interventions for children with reading difficulties: a literature review from 2010 to 2020. In Educational Technology Research and Development (Vol. 68, Issue 6). Springer US.

Antika, R. (2017). Poetry in EFL Classroom. Tell-Us Journal, 2(2), 20–35.

Beymer, A., Neville, M. L., Wilmot, R., & Watson, V. W. M. (2020). “How Do I Teach with Hope?”: Enacting Poetry Reading and Writing as a Form of Critical Hope in Classroom Spaces. Journal of Language and Literacy Education, 16(1), 1–9.

Burns, A. (2019). Concepts for Teaching Speaking in the English Language Classroom1. LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition Research Network, 12(1), 1–11.

Cushing, I. (2018). ‘Suddenly, I am part of the poem’: texts as worlds, reader-response and grammar in teaching poetry. English in Education, 52(1), 7–19.

Deepa, P., & Ilankumaran, M. (2018). Teaching Poetry Enhances Speaking Skills-an Analysis Based on Select Poems. International Journal of Engineering & Technology, 7(4.36), 619.

Deepa, P., & Ilankumaran, M. (2019). Targeting communicative competence through poetry as a tool. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), 8(2).

Freyn, A. L. (2017). Effects of a Multimodal Approach on ESL/EFL University Students’ Attitudes towards Poetry. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(8), 80–83.

Hirsch, S., & Macleroy, V. (2020). The art of belonging: exploring the effects on the English classroom when poetry meets multilingual digital storytelling. English in Education, 54(1), 41–57.

Hong, H. (2018). Exploring the role of intertextuality in promoting young ELL children’s poetry writing and learning: a discourse analytic approach. Classroom Discourse, 9(2), 166–182.

Husnu, M. (2017). Demonstration Technique to Improve Vocabulary and Grammar Element in Teaching Speaking at EFL Learners. English Language Teaching, 11(2), 26.

Iida, A., & Chamcharatsri, B. (2020). Emotions in second language poetry writing: a poetic inquiry into Japanese EFL students’ language learning experiences. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 0(0), 1–14.

Ismail, H. (2021). Teaching English Poetry in EFL Classroom through Classroom Presentation. 4(1), 1–13.

Ivanova, R. (2019). Using “where I’m from” poems to welcome international ESL students into U.S. academic culture. TESOL Journal, 10(2), 1–15.

Kaowiwattanakul, S. (2020). Using literature circles to promote the English speaking skills of engineering students in English for specific purposes classrooms. LEARN Journal: Language Education and Acquisition Research Network, 13(2), 414–425.

Kennedy, X.J. (2005). Literature: An introduction to fiction, poetry, and drama. United States: Quebecor World.

Khaleghi, M., Batobara, M., & Saleem, M. (2020). A case for teaching pronunciation to adult EFL learners, using metrical versification. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(3), 460–474.

Khoirunnisa, K., Suparno, S., & Supriyadi, S. (2018). Exposing ESP Teacher’s and Students’ Perception about Teaching Speaking for Tourism Program. Dinamika Ilmu, 18(1), 37–49.

Kim, K. M., & Kim, S. (2018). A poetic inquiry into learning English as an additional language: Korean learners’ perceptions through sijo, Korean poetry. Language Awareness, 27(4), 295–311.

Liao, F. Y. (2018). Prospective ESL/EFL teachers’ perceptions towards writing poetry in a second language: Difficulty, value, emotion, and attitude. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 4(1), 1–16.

Mahmud, M. (2017). Teaching students to develop paragraphs by poetry writing. International Journal of Language Education, 1(1), 37–50.

Mittal, R. (2016). Poetry Is language at its most distilled and powerful”: Bringing poetry in language classes can make language understanding and communication skills better. Linguistics and Literature Studies 4(1). DOI: 10.13189/lls.2016.040108

Mustafa Jabsheh, A.-A.-H. (2019). The Positive Relationship between Teaching or Using English Poetry as an Instructional Source and the Teaching-Learning of Different Language Skills and Sub Skills. Saudi Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 04(11), 726–730.

Purwanto, A. (2019). Teaching Pronunciation Using Varieties of Pronunciation Teaching Materials and Practices. Scope : Journal of English Language Teaching, 3(2), 81.

Rahman, F., English, T., Poem, T., & Rahman, F. (2018). Teaching English through poem. 5(2), 173–182.

Rasinski, T., Zimmerman, B., & Bagert, B. (2015). Poetry as a core reading text for younger and struggling readers. The NERA Journal, 51(1).

Riffaterre, M. (1978). Semiotics of poetry. Indiana University Press.

Rumbold, K., & Simecek, K. (2016). Affective and Cognitive Responses to Poetry in the University Classroom. Changing English: Studies in Culture and Education, 23(4), 335–350.

Saeed Al-Sobhi, B. M., & Preece, A. S. (2018). Teaching English Speaking Skills to the Arab Students in the Saudi School in Kuala Lumpur: Problems and Solutions. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 6(1), 1.

Seltzer, K. (2020). “My English Is Its Own Rule”: Voicing a Translingual Sensibility through Poetry. Journal of Language, Identity and Education, 19(5), 297–311.

Shelley, P. B. (2002). Romantic poets: Lyric poets in the English language & the making of the poets. Carol & Graf Publishers.

Sigvardsson, A. (2020). Don’t Fear Poetry! Secondary Teachers’ Key Strategies for Engaging Pupils With Poetic Texts. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 64(6), 953–966.

Simecek, K., & Rumbold, K. (2016). The Uses of Poetry. Changing English: Studies in Culture and Education, 23(4), 309–313.

Syed, A. J. A., & Wahas, Y. M. A. (2020). Challenges and solutions in teaching English through poetry to EFL students at hajjah university: A case study of William wordsworth's lucy and john donne's death poems. Reflections, 27(2), 189–198.

Tomak, B. (2021). Evaluation of the “Speaking” Component of a Curriculum Applied in a School of Foreign Languages: An Action Research in a State University in Turkey. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 7(1), 33–51.

Xerri, D. (2017). Poetry education research as an anchorage of thought: using poetry as interview stimulus material. International Journal of Research and Method in Education, 40(4), 379–388.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Ni Komang Arie Suwastini, Gusti Putu Rustika Dewi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.